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($14.99) SCI-228 Week 8 Final

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1. (TCO 10) The average weight and height for a healthy newborn in the United States is: (Points : 2)

       5 1/2 pounds and 14-16 inches long.
       6 1/2 pounds and 16-18 inches long.
       7 1/2 pounds and 18-22 inches long.
       8 1/2 pounds and 22-24 inches long.

 

2. (TCO 10) All of the following are associated with gestational diabetes EXCEPT: (Points : 2)

       delivery of a low birth weight infant.
       increased maternal risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
       increased maternal risk of developing preeclampsia.
       increased fetal risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

 

3. (TCO 10)  What are dental caries? (Points : 2)

       Juvenile teeth
       Cavities
       Spotting on tooth enamel
       Space that is left following the loss of teeth

 

4. (TCO 9)  Obsessive-compulsive, perfectionism, socially inhibited, compliant, and emotionally restrained describe personality traits of: (Points : 2)

       anorexia nervosa.
       bulimia nervosa.
       binge eating disorder.
       obesity.

 

5. (TCO 9)  The best time to replenish glycogen stores is: (Points : 2)

       right after exercising.
       the day before exercising.
       the day after exercising.
       a few hours before exercising.

 

6. (TCO 9)  Rachel is a gymnast who trains two hours/day on average. She supports her daily activity by consuming 2,500 kilocalories per day. How many kilocalories should she be consuming from carbohydrate sources? (Points : 2)

       1,125-1,300 kilocalories
       1,300-1,500 kilocalories
       1,500-1,625 kilocalories
       1,625-1,750 kilocalories

 

7. (TCO 7)  Which of the following increases the RDA for Vitamin C? (Points : 2)

       Smoking cigarettes
       Drinking alcohol
       Being a vegan
       Taking supplements of Vitamin C

 

8. (TCO 7)  The doctor has recently told Julie that she is anemic. Julie should consume ________ with her iron supplement to increase its absorption. (Points : 2)

       a tablespoon of castor oil
       a glass of milk
       a glass of orange juice
       scrambled eggs

 

9. (TCO 7)  Which water-soluble vitamin can regenerate Vitamin E after it has been oxidized? (Points : 2)

       Vitamin D
       Vitamin B12
       Vitamin C
       Folate

 

10. (TCO 8)  Which of the following hormones requires selenium for its synthesis? (Points : 2)

       Estrogen
       Insulin
       Cortisol
       Thyroxine

 

11. (TCO 8)  Bone cells that are responsible for the breakdown of bone tissue are called: (Points : 2)

       osteoclasts.
       cortical.
       osteoblasts.
       trabecular.

 

12. (TCO 8)  Research studies have consistently demonstrated an association between a reduced risk of cancer and: (Points : 2)

       the use of Vitamin C supplements.
       increased consumption of fruits and vegetables.
       increased consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids.
       the use of beta-carotene supplements.

 

13. (TCO 8)  Where does the body store selenium? (Points : 2)

       In the liver
       In adipose tissue
       In the lymph system
       In body proteins

 

14. (TCO 8)  Blood calcium is critical for: (Points : 2)

       transmission of nerve impulses.
       muscle contraction.
       maintenance of blood pressure.
       all of these.

 

15. (TCO 7)  Formed in our bones, hydroxyapatite crystals are mineral complexes comprised of calcium and: (Points : 2)

       sodium.
       chloride.
       phosphorus.
       Vitamin K.

 

16. (TCOs 7, 8)  The major dietary source of iodine is: (Points : 2)

       saltwater fish.
       fruits and vegetables.
       dairy products.
       salt.

 

17. (TCOs 7, 8)  The primary role of the B-complex vitamins is to: (Points : 2)

       provide the body with energy.
       act as coenzymes.
       maintain and repair body tissues.
       maintain acid-base balance.

0

 

1. (TCO 8)  Extracellular fluid consists of: (Points : 2)

       tissue fluid (interstitial fluid).
       plasma.
       fluid between the body cells.
       both tissue fluid (interstitial fluid) and plasma.

 

2. (TCO 8)  What is the primary reason why we sweat? (Points : 2)

       To maintain blood volume
       To maintain sodium balance
       To excrete waste products
       To regulate body temperature

 

3. (TCO 8)  Julie expends 2,400 calories per day. Assuming average environmental conditions, how much water should she consume? (Points : 2)

       1,200-1,800 ml
       1,800-2,400 ml
       2,400-3,600 ml
       3,600-4,800 ml

 

4. (TCO 8)  Insensible water loss is: (Points : 2)

       water lost during illness or trauma.
       water lost during intense exercise.
       water lost through perspiration and respiration.
       water lost through urination.

 

5. (TCO 8)  Diets rich in ________ are associated with maintaining healthy blood pressure levels. (Points : 2)

       sodium
       chloride
       potassium
       phosphorus

 

6. (TCO 8)  Which organ is primarily responsible for maintaining fluid balance? (Points : 2)

       Small intestine
       Kidneys
       Liver
       Pancreas

 

7. (TCO 5)  All of the following are major classes of dietary lipids EXCEPT: (Points : 2)

       glycogens.
       triglycerides.
       sterols.
       phospholipids.

 

8. (TCO 5)  Which of the following food items would contain the highest amount of dietary cholesterol? (Points : 2)

       Steamed broccoli
       Olive oil
       Skim milk
       Butter

 

9. (TCO 5)  What is the primary form of lipid in the diet? (Points : 2)

       Sterols
       Triglycerides
       Phospholipids
       Glycerols

 

10. (TCO 6)  Two amino acids are joined together by a peptide bond to form a dipeptide. What is the by-product of this process? (Points : 2)

       Ammonia
       Water
       Carbon dioxide
       Hydrochloric acid

 

11. (TCO 6)  Which of the following health problems has been associated with high protein intakes? (Points : 2)

       Elevated blood cholesterol
       Marasmus
       Edema
       Sickle cell anemia

 

12. (TCO 6)  What element makes protein different from carbohydrates and fat? (Points : 2)

       Carbon
       Hydrogen
       Oxygen
       Nitrogen

 

13. (TCO 4)  What is the major monosaccharide found in the body? (Points : 2)

       Glucose
       Fructose
       Galactose
       Glycogen

 

14. (TCO 4)  The term complex carbohydrates refers to: (Points : 2)

       monosaccharides.
       disaccharides.
       polysaccharides.
       glucose.

 

15. (TCO 4)    ________ is a technique employed by some endurance athletes to increase their storage of muscle glycogen. (Points : 2)

       Ketosis
       Carbohydrate loading
       Glycogen surging
       Gluconeogenesis

 

16. (TCO 1)  What is the primary cause of peptic ulcers? (Points : 2)

       Stress
       H. pylori bacteria
       Prolonged use of aspirin
       Eating too many spicy foods

 

17. (TCO 1)  Which of the following is a micronutrient? (Points : 2)

       Carbohydrates
       Vitamins
       Lipids
       Alcohol

 

18. (TCO 1)  In which of the following food sources would a consumer look for the statement "Live Active Cultures," indicating that the product is a rich source of probiotics? (Points : 2)

       Whole-wheat bread
       Fermented yogurt
       Orange juice
       Calcium supplements

 

 

(TCO 5) What is hydrogenation? Why do food manufacturers utilize this process, and what are the potential health impacts of hydrogenation? (Points : 20)

2. (TCO 2) Discuss two limitations of the current My Pyramid food guide. Provide possible modifications to the pyramid that would address each of these drawbacks. (Points : 20)

3. (TCO 8) Our kidneys are constantly trying to maintain fluid balance by either excreting or retaining fluid. How is fluid primarily lost by the body, AND besides answering this question, please list the situations that can cause a signficant loss of fluid. (Points : 20)

4. (TCO 9) Nutrition and medical professionals are concerned about the heavy consumption of soft drinks, as it may be detrimental to bone health. There are several theories associated with soft drink consumption, so please list the theories and provide an explanation as to why these theories on soft drink consumption can affect bone health. (Points : 20)

5. (TCO 9) Describe the development of pernicious anemia in great detail, including molecular and cellular levels of details. (Points : 20)

6. (TCO 10) Design a physical fitness program for yourself. What are the most important components to include in planning a sound fitness program? Make sure to touch on all aspects of a sound fitness program, along with examples of specific exercises. (Points : 20)

7. (TCO 1) What are persistent organic pollutants and how do they enter our food supply? (Points : 20)

8. (TCO 10) Describe a healthy diet for pregnant women. (Points : 20)

9. (TCO 6) Discuss the different reasons why an individual might choose to become a vegetarian. (Points : 20)

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Top of Form 1. (TCO 10) The average weight and height for a healthy newborn in the United States is: (Points : 2)        5 1/2 pounds and 14-16 inches long.        6 1/2 pounds and 16-18 inches long.        7 1/2 pounds and 18-22 inches long.        8 1/2 pounds and 22-24 inches long.   2. (TCO 10) All of the following are associated with gestational diabetes EXCEPT: (Points : 2)        delivery of a low birth weight infant.        increased maternal risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.        increased maternal risk of developing preeclampsia.        increased fetal risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.   3. (TCO 10)  What are dental caries? (Points : 2)        Juvenile teeth        Cavities        Spotting on tooth enamel        Space that is left following the loss of teeth   4. (TCO 9)  Obsessive-compulsive, perfectionism, socially inhibited, compliant, and emotionally restrained describe personality traits of: (Points : 2)        anorexia nervosa.        bulimia nervosa.        binge eating disorder.        obesity.   5. (TCO 9)  The best time to replenish glycogen stores is: (Points : 2)        right after exercising.        the day before exercising.        the day after exercising.        a few hours before exercising.   6. (TCO 9)  Rachel is a gymnast who trains two hours/day on average. She supports her daily activity by consuming 2,500 kilocalories per day. How many kilocalories should she be consuming from carbohydrate sources? (Points : 2)        1,125-1,300 kilocalories        1,300-1,500 kilocalories        1,500-1,625 kilocalories        1,625-1,750 kilocalories   7. (TCO 7)  Which of the following increases the RDA for Vitamin C? (Points : 2)        Smoking cigarettes        Drinking alcohol        Being a vegan        Taking supplements of Vitamin C   8. (TCO 7)  The doctor has recently told Julie that she is anemic. Julie should consume ________ with her iron supplement to increase its absorption. (Points : 2)        a tablespoon of castor oil        a glass of milk        a glass of orange juice        scrambled eggs   9. (TCO 7)  Which water-soluble vitamin can regenerate Vitamin E after it has been oxidized? (Points : 2)        Vitamin D        Vitamin B12        Vitamin C        Folate   10. (TCO 8)  Which of the following hormones requires selenium for its synthesis? (Points : 2)        Estrogen        Insulin        Cortisol        Thyroxine   11. (TCO 8)  Bone cells that are responsible for the breakdown of bone tissue are called: (Points : 2)        osteoclasts.        cortical.        osteoblasts.        trabecular.   12. (TCO 8)  Research studies have consistently demonstrated an association between a reduced risk of cancer and: (Points : 2)        the use of Vitamin C supplements.        increased consumption of fruits and vegetables.        increased consumption of monounsaturated fatty acids.        the use of beta-carotene supplements.   13. (TCO 8)  Where does the body store selenium? (Points : 2)        In the liver        In adipose tissue        In the lymph system        In body proteins   14. (TCO 8)  Blood calcium is critical for: (Points : 2)        transmission of nerve impulses.        muscle contraction.        maintenance of blood pressure.        all of these.   15. (TCO 7)  Formed in our bones, hydroxyapatite crystals are mineral complexes comprised of calcium and: (Points : 2)        sodium.        chloride.        phosphorus.        Vitamin K.   16. (TCOs 7, 8)  The major dietary source of iodine is: (Points : 2)        saltwater fish.        fruits and vegetables.        dairy products.        salt.   17. (TCOs 7, 8)  The primary role of the B-complex vitamins is to: (Points : 2)        provide the body with energy.        act as coenzymes.        maintain and repair body tissues.        maintain acid-base balance. 0   1. (TCO 8)  Extracellular fluid consists of: (Points : 2)        tissue fluid (interstitial fluid).        plasma.        fluid between the bo ...
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